1. 나와위 하디쓰 40선 – Hadith 1: Actions are by Intentions

 
 

첫번째 하디쓰

믿는 자들의 지도자 아부 하프쓰 우마르 이븐 알-캇땁(하나님께서 그를 흡족히 여기시길)께서 전하길 : 나는 하나님의 사도(하나님께서 그에게 자비와 평화를 베푸시길)께서 다음과 같이 말씀하시는 것을 들었습니다.

“실로 행위는 오직 의도로써 평가되며 실로 모든 이는 오직 그가 의도한 것만을 가지는 것이라. 따라서 어떤 이의 이주(히즈라)가 하나님과 그분의 사도로의 이주라면 그의 이주는 하나님과 그분의 사도로의 이주가 될 것이라. 그러나 어떤 이의 이주가 그가 얻을 현세 또는 그가 결혼할 여성을 위한 것이라면 그의 이주는 그가 이주한 대상으로의 이주가 될 것이라.”

(하디쓰 학자들의 이맘인 ‘아부 압딜라 무함마드 이븐 이스마일 이븐 이브라힘 이븐 알-무기라 이븐 바르디즈바 알-부카리 알-자으피’ (no.1)와 ‘아부 알-후세인 무슬림 이븐 알-핫자즈 이븐 무슬림 알-꾸쉐이리 안-나이사부리’(no.1907)가 수집하였으며(하나님께서 두 분을 흡족히 여기시길) 이 두 권의 책(‘알-부카리’ 하디쓰 전집, ‘무슬림’ 하디쓰 전집)은 지금껏 저술된 책들 중에서 가장 ‘싸히흐’(권위있는)한 책으로 인정받는다.

It is narrated on the authority of Amir al-Mu’minin (Leader of the Believers), Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), say:

“Actions are according to intentions, and everyone will get what was intended. Whoever migrates with an intention for Allah and His messenger, the migration will be for the sake of Allah and his Messenger. And whoever migrates for worldly gain or to marry a woman, then his migration will be for the sake of whatever he migrated for.”

Related by Bukhari & Muslim


Commentary Summary

This hadith is central to Islamic thought, culture, and understanding and shows the balance between the internal and external states of oneself. This hadith is great in its benefit and importance, and it has been said that Islam revolves around it. Scholars have commented that this hadith comprises one-third of knowledge because the actions of man involve his heart, his tongue and his limbs, and hence the intention in the heart is one-third of action. It is also deemed to be one-third of knowledge due to scholars commenting that this hadith along with two others comprises the religion of Islam. The other two hadith being “The Halal is clear and the Haram is clear and between them are doubtful matters”, and “Whoever innovates in this religion that which is not from it will have all his actions rejected (by Allah).”

Actions are based on intention 

The connection between action and intention highlights the connection between the physical and the spiritual components of any human. This hadith emphasizes on the importance of having an intention for every physical act that we do, and the importance of having a purpose for every action. It also brings to the forefront our conscious intention and the need to make the connection between our physical actions and their spiritual consequences.

Intentions lead to results. When a change in intention occurs, a change in the external conditions will follow. Intention is also enough for Allah (swt) to make a change in our reality, so we should not belittle the necessary change in intention that has to occur in order for our external condition to change.

Specifically in regards to Islamic work and worship, the quality of intention is very important. Involvement in Islamic work should not be primarily intended for marriage or fame, but to worship Allah, help our community and spread love amongst our community.

Being a visionary

The believers should be visionaries because they should always be checking their intentions and understanding the purpose of their actions. They should be persistently asking themselves about their intentions for their short term and their long goals. Overall, the believer should constantly ask himself; “Why am I doing what I am doing?”

Using the words “shall have” in this hadith means that the person will be rewarded for only that which he intended. So, as mentioned in the hadith, if a person performed the Hijrah, but did it with a different intention then he would not be rewarded for that action of Hijrah.

Showing Off

Riya?, the showing off of deeds publicly, is a major sin which ruins sincerity and can invalidate actions. In the wording of the hadith, the use of the word “by” in “actions are but by intention” refers to the fact that the acceptance and correctness of any action depends on the intention behind it. For example, giving money in charity will not be accepted as a good deed if it was for the sake of showing off to others.

The Prophet (sas) informed us that if you perform an act for the sake of someone else rather than for Allah’s sake, then Allah will reject that deed entirely and will leave the reward of it for the partner that the person has made. This highlights the implications of showing off as well as the graveness of associating another person in your actions which should have been for the sake of Allah (swt). As mentioned in the hadith, ‘Thus he whose migration was for Allah and His messenger, his migration was for Allah and His messenger, and he whose migration was to achieve some worldly benefit or to take some woman in marriage, his migration was for that for which he migrated.”

Conclusion

Everything we do has to be intended for the sake of Allah (swt). A good action with the wrong intention will not get us any reward in the Hereafter.


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